Implications of the Second Great Awakening

Identify 3 major changes that resulted from the Second Great Awakening and discuss the impact to the United the States. How was this Awakening different from the First Great Awakening?

 

 

When looking at the Second Great Awakening, Justo Gonzalaz covers three main implications and a few ways it was different than the First Great Awakening. Before looking at the results of the Second Great Awakening it is important to first look at the difference between the First and Second Great Awakenings. The Second great Awakening did not start with “the anti-intellectual overtones of other similar movements. On the contrary, it made headway among some of the most distinguished theologians of New England.”[1] The other main difference was the form the revival meetings took place. For most of the revival meetings, they followed in the footsteps of the Blue Ridge Revival Meeting by bringing together as many people as possible as they headed west and took advantage of whoever was present to serve as the leaders of the churches for the area leading to a large base for Baptist and Methodist churches.

 

Beyond these differences, the Second Great Awakening led to three huge contributions to American life, which still greatly impact the United States today. First, with the foundations of the Second Great Awakening based on an intellectual foundation, they were able to start the rise of missionary societies[2] similar to what is currently popular within the United States. Along these same lines, the leaders in these movements started to see the rise of equality among men and women and has lead to the start of feminist movement[3] despite that movement having taken off on tangents that are clearly outside of the Bible. The last major thing the Second Great Awakening did was to “break down the strict correspondence between ethnic origin and religious affiliation.”[4] This has created an environment that allows people to choose whatever denomination they feel most accurately reflects the teaching of scripture as has become a defining concept in the United States.

 

[1] Gonzalez, Justo. The Story of Christianity Volume II: The Reformation to the Present Day. New York: Harper Collins Publishers. 2010. 326

[2] Gonzalez, Justo. The Story of Christianity Volume II: The Reformation to the Present Day. New York: Harper Collins Publishers. 2010. 326

[3] Gonzalez, Justo. The Story of Christianity Volume II: The Reformation to the Present Day. New York: Harper Collins Publishers. 2010. 326-327

[4] Gonzalez, Justo. The Story of Christianity Volume II: The Reformation to the Present Day. New York: Harper Collins Publishers. 2010. 328


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