1. Discuss the issues regarding the location of the churches to which Paul wrote Galatians. Give your view of whether the region referred to as “ Galatia” represents a Northern or Southern Galatia. Defend your view. Why is the location of the church important?
When one looks at the audience to whom Paul intended the book of Galatians, there are two major theories of where the book was likely intended. The two main theories about the audience for the book of Galatians are called the Northern Galatian and the Southern Galatian theories. The Northern theory looks at the audience as “the area inhabited by the Gauls or Celts who invaded north central Asia Minor from Central Europe in 278 BC and were of the same ethnic origin as the Celts of France and Britain.”< a href= “file:///C:/Users/Kyle/Documents/Liberty%20Classes/NBST%20525/DB%203.docx#_ftn1″ name=”_ftnref1”>  This area is close to the Southern Theory which is the area directly south of the area for the Northern Theory. The Southern Theory includes the whole Roman province which “extended from Pontus on the Black Sea to Pamphylia on the Mediterranean. The Roman province included cities such as Antioch of Pisidia, Iconium, Lustra and Derbe.”
The Southern Theory likely provides more solid evidence to support the theory than the Northern theory. Here is where allowing the Bible to speak for itself, we see that nowhere does the Bible tell us that Paul had any relation to the churches in the North part of the Region whereas we do know that Paul ministered in the churches in the southern region such as Antioch, Lystra, Iconium, and Derbe. Which if Galatia describes the provincial region, is the only term “that would have encompassed”  all four of those cities. Ultimately, the lack of evidence from the Bible is the primary reason that a Northern Theory view likely would not be reasonable.
The location of the church is important because it helps to determine the date of writing (because of the familiarity with the people in the region) he would have met them personally which would not have occurred with an early writing for the Northern Theory to hold. Also, with a Southern Theory, he could be writing to defend his authority in the church as the area was infiltrated by false teachers. Ultimately, the location of the writing would help to define the purpose for which Paul writes which helps give context for the text.