The Reformation is often considered a monumental event triggered by Martin Luther’s nailing his 95 Thesis to the door of his parish and then events spiraling out of control for the Catholic church from that point on. However, this is a gross oversimplification of the events surrounding the reformation period and the people involved in the reformation. The mix of political and religious leaders, events in history and several issues relating to the church led to the perfect combination to instigate the reformation and change the landscape of Christianity to what we know today.
While the most famous of the reformers is Martin Luther, who’s 95 theses was the spark that lit the fire which had been built up to that point. While Luther is rightly credited as a man of conviction who was the single most influential person leading the reformers, but without the work of Pope Leo X and several centuries of corrupt leadership not just in the Papal office, but many leaders of the church for years, Erasmus who had some influence as a leader of the humanists, and several political leaders who either protected Luther such as Frederick or sought his silence such as the Pope and Charles V.
None of these people would have been a factor in the reformation had many years of injustices against the Germanic people. The system of buying indulgences and many of the forms of worship which were often thought of as idolatry as well as the concept of justification by the process of confessing sins for the purpose of being forgiven. These injustices became the rallying point of the Lutherans even beyond the theological concept of Justification by faith alone surpassing any 1 person and event even though the reformation is commonly attributed solely to Martin Luther.